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Prevalence and antibiotic sensitivity patterns of bacteria from non-human primates in Nigerian zoos

Short Research Update

by Omonona, A.O., Ogunleye, A.O., Yusuf, B., Okunlade, A.O. and Adetuga, A.T

in WDA-AME Newsletter 2021, Vol.5, issue 1

The rectal swabs of non-human primates were collected from five randomly selected zoological gardens in Nigeria to investigate the bacteria profile and antibiotic susceptibility. The zoological gardens include U.I Zoo, UNILORIN Zoo, OAU Zoo, FUNAAB Zoo Park, and Qbrat Zoo. The study examined 67 primates cutting across eight species. Bacteria isolated were subjected to antibiotic susceptibility test using the disc diffusion method and the diameter of zone of inhibition were also measured. Escherichia coli (78%), Hafnia alvei (11%), Acinetobacter haemolyticus (7%) and Citrobacter amalonaticus (4%) were isolated from all the rectal swabs. Ciprofloxacin and Ofloxacin had the highest number of sensitive organisms (74.1%) while Amoxycillin had the highest number of resistant organisms (74.1%). The presence of the pathogenic bacteria isolated in this study has public health significance because of the nature and use of their location and its proximity to human dwellings.

For more details, see publication:

Ogunleye, akinlabi & Okunlade, Adelekan. (2019). 22-Article Text-73-1-10-20180903o. Journal of Wildlife Management. 1. 19-24.

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